Sunday, September 17, 2006

Economy

The greatest natural resources of the municipality are the Drina River and Tara Mountain. The Drina is especially significant for its water power potentials. Specialists have estimated that it is possible to erect several hydroelectric power plants on this river. The annual flow of the Drina River is about 12.5 cubic kilometers of water. The Bajina Bašta Hydroelectric power plant was built on the Drina to harness that energy. The dam is located 12 km west of Bajina Bašta, near Perućac. Its average annual production amounts to 1,625 GWh of electric power. For the sake of better utilization of water power potential, the first reversible hydro-electric power plant in Europe was built in Zaovine, near the top of Tara Mountain.
Tara Mountain has long been a well-known tourist resort owing to its pleasant moderately continental and sub-continental climate. In 1981, Tara became a national park. It covers an area of 300 square kilometres and is the largest natural park in Serbia. The mountain has an abundance of flora and fauna. Apart from white pine tree, maple-trees and famous Serbian Spruce (Picea omorika), here you can find rare game including bear, roe deer, and chamois. The Drina River is a part of the local cultural identity and has great potential in rafting sports and fishing.
Moderate continental and mountainous climatic conditions are especially suitable for recovery and medical treatment of patients with bronchial asthma, chronic bronchitis, anemia and other diseases. Special attention is paid to tourism development and different tourist manifestations utilizing the clean and clear air of Tara Mountain.
Industry had developed fairly well in Bajina Bašta, but recently saw a major downturn due to economic hardships and the civil wars that raged across the region in the 1990s. The major employers before the outbreak of the Yugoslav Wars were:
Crni Vrh, a wood-processing and furniture factory (Open)
IKL, a manufacturer of metal parts and ball bearings (Closed)
Kadinjača, a textiles corporation (Open, but with limited capacity)
Tarateks, a ready-wear manufacturer (Closed)
Sloboda a manufacturer of electronics and household appliances (Closed)
Elektroizgradnja Bajina Bašta, makers of power line towers and industrial electronic equipment (Open)
Razvoj, a construction corporation (Open)
Laminat, a manufacturer of cardboard and cardboard containers (Closed)
Zemljoradnička zadruga Bajina Bašta, a farmers' co-operative - production of highest grade raspberry, as well as different kinds of fruits (plums, pears, apples), vegetables (potatoes, beans, cabbage, corn) (Open)
The closing of some of these companies threw a majority of Bajina Bašta's and surrounding region's population into unemployment. The only company still functioning well is Drinske Hidroelektrane (Drina Hydroelectrics), headquartered in downtown Bajina Bašta, owners of the "Bajina Basta" Višegrad hydroelectric power plants.
Thanks to exceptionally good climatic conditions, Bajina Bašta has exceptional potential for agricultural profit. High-quality types of tobacco and medicinal herbs flourish in the valley of the Drina, grown by Bajinovac, an agriculture company. Plums, used for the making of Bajina Bašta’s own regional juniper brandy Klekovača, grow in abundance. Wheat is a mainstay of the valley, growing well during both the summer and winter growing seasons. The Bajina Bašta municipality is famous for its raspberry farms.

Thursday, September 14, 2006

Mokra Gora - Sargan


Mokra Gora
Near Bosnia-Herzegovina border

Sargan Eight Railway
Located near the Bosnia-Herzegovina border, the small village of Mokra Gora is best known for its spectacular Šargan Eight Railway. Designed in a figure eight loop, engineers in the early 1900’s were able to work around the steep cuttings and narrow gorges (300 m vertical difference between the two stations Mokra Gora and Šargan-Vitasi even though it was only a 3.5 km horizontal difference) to create this beautiful section of railway. Although the train route no longer serves its original purpose of connecting rural villages between Belgrade and Sarajevo, this short section has been restored back to its original 1925’s glory and is now a successful tourist attraction.
Drvengrad Mecavnik
Nearing the train station, I spotted a traditional-looking village on top of a hill. It was the set constructed for the 2004 film release Life is a Miracle. Like other buildings of the area, the roofs were quite steep to accommodate the heavy snowfall. Wood was the dominant building material, used both for construction and decoration. I especially enjoyed the unique church with its carved interior wood and the views from the plateau. The taxi driver pointed to the hills in the distance, which he said were in Bosnia.
Šargan Train Station
The road to the Šargan train station paralleled the train tracks in several places. In other areas the railway went through tunnels. Even though I wasn’t taking the museum train, the view still was beautiful. At the train station were restored buildings including a museum with souvenir shop and café. Climbing up the steps, I walked past the end-of-line turnstile and up to the constructed waterfall. Walking through the pine forest (and pretty pink pine-like flowers), I saw another train tunnel and great views of the area.
On the way back to Zlatibor, we spotted an older woman by the roadside. Beneath her black scarf one could see her white hair with a thin braid across the top. When the driver asked her if I could take her photo, she smiled (many teeth missing), tapped her wooden “cane” and seemed thrilled. After I took a few photos, she held my hand, kissed my cheeks several times, and reached into her pocket to pull out a few nuts. Such warmth and generosity. Shortly after waving goodbye, it began to rain. Back in Zlatibor, I ordered Komplet Lepinja at a restaurant recommended by a teacher. After looking through the crafts stalls and purchasing some of the famous Sirogojno sweaters for my family, the sky once again grew heavy. It would be a good time to get caught up on some reading in the hotel and look at my photos.

Perucac

Perućac is a village in western Serbia in the immediate proximity of the border with Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is situated near the 346 km-long Drina River, which constitutes the natural border between Serbia and Bosnia.
The main feature of the village is the Bajina Bašta hydro-electric power plant, which is the second largest of its kind in Serbia. It was built in 1966 as a result of a joint venture by ex-Yugoslavian and Japanese companies. Between 1976 and 1983 a reversible pumping station was built, which was the second phase of the project. Excessive electrical power produced during the rain season was used to pump water from Lake Perućac up to Mountain Tara, some 600 metres above. Therefore, a new artificial lake was created in the mountains, called Beli Rzav.
Perućac features what is reputdely Serbia's smallest river — the Vrelo. The latter is known as the "One-year-long River", due to its length—365 m—from its source to its end, with the length in metres corresponding to the number of days in a year. The Vrelo flows into the Drina just a few hundred metres below the artificial lake.
During the summer days, Lake Perućac is the place where many of the residents of the and the town of Bajina Bašta come to sunbathe, swim and fish. Perućac is also where the 56 km-long canyon of the River Drina begins.

Tuesday, September 12, 2006

Raca-monastery

Raca-monastery - the beauty of the building and the miracle of the faith and maintain.

Raca-monastery is located among the spurs of the Tara-mountain, near mountain river, "decorated with pines and marble".
This medieval monastery was built up by the king Dragutin (1273-1275),and it is dedicated to the Ascension. Thanks to it the influence of the king Dragutin became stronger and the Orthodoxy was deeply rooted in this part of Serbian Empire. Inspired by the vivid tradition and christian spirituality, monks of the Raca-monastery had been working on the strenghtening of the national identity; they had been copying religion books in the style of medieval illuminated scriptures. When the dramatic times begun, monastery shared the destiny of the people. Many times it was devastated and reconstructed. When conflicts between two empires- Turkey and Austria- begun, at the end of the 17-th century, Serbian people saw its historic chance to free itself under Turkish slavery. National uprisings begun in order to help Austrian christian army on it's victorious way. At the time, Uzice and Sokol were liberated .
Many destroyings and migrations of the Serbian nation were caused by the Austrian withdrawal from Serbia in 1688. With the patriarch Arsenie III Carnojevic at the head , monks from Raca-monastery ran away, carrying sacred things from monastery. Then Raca "was burnt in the fire". One century passed until monastery resurrected again.After his visit to Jerusalem, to Jesus grave, prior Milentije Stefanovic succeeded to get the licence from sultan Selim III in Constantinopole to restore the Raca-monastery. The restoration begun in 1795 by prior Milentije Stefanovic and it was finished in 1799, the 8-th of September. According to some notes, new building resembled previous one.Spiritual and national rising of Hadzi Milentije during the First Serbian National Uprising was , actually, facing with new sufferings. During the fall of Karadjorde's Serbia (1813), Turks crossed river Drina in Raca, near Pleskovo (Bajina Basta) and started destroying, killing people, taking slaves.
Again, rivers of refugees from this area moved to the north , and many voivodes went with them. Hadzi Melentije escaped to Austria. These were hard times for Raca-monastery. In their victorious delirium Turks devastated and burnt down church, turning it into ruin and ashes. Suffering of the people and monks, while defending monastery, had remained in people's memory. In the restored Serbia, the present building was built up from bricks in style of well known 'raska school' (1826).
Impressive and harmonic building has a rectangle base with twofolded roof , small windows and emphasized cupola. Modest iconostasis was painted by Georgie Bakalopic (1840); walls were painted by famous painter Dimitrie Posinkovic (1854), who inspirely, warmly and vividly transposed legend about Jesus Christ's life. Unfortunatelly, legend about maintain of the monastery and the nation , about faith and sufferings continued in our time, in this century, in World War I. Then, monastery and people from this area had been tortured by severe Bulgarian occupants.

Sunday, September 10, 2006

Mountain Tara

The mistique and powefull name for the beautiful mountain
Tara (from 1000 to 1,500 metres a.s.l.) one of the most beautiful mountains in Yugoslavia, clad in dense forests with numerous clearings and meadows, cliffs, ravines and caves...
Tara was declared a National Park in 1981. It is in the mountainous region of Western Serbia and it spreads on the Tara and Zvezda mountains, in a large bend of the river Drina. The area of this national park is about 22,000 hectares and consists of a gruop of mountain peaks and areas with deep gorges, the most striking of which is the Drina Gorge.The Drina Gorge, which is an an integral part of park, can be toured by boat. This is a special attraction and memorable experience. Forests account for three quarters of this national park's area and some of them are best preserved and of highest quality in Europe. Tara also boasts a rare endemic Tertiary species, the Pancic spruce. The park management office is in Bajina Basta. The Tara National Park can be reached from Bajina Basta directly (by the Bajina Basta - Kaludjerske Bare road), from Bajina Basta via Perucac (by the Perucac - Mitrovac road) and from Kremna (the Kremna - Kaludjerske Bare road). There are now two basic tourist localities in the national park: Kaludjerske Bare and Mitrovac. Tara offers excellent conditions for relaxation and recreation throughout the year.
The Mountain of Tara - the most beautifull mountain of Serbia IUpon the archaeological remainders we could acknowledge and assert the continuity of life on the mountain of Tara, from the period of neolit (the culture of Vinca) to the iron age.
It is also known that along the upper middle course of the river of Drina, on the mountain of Tara, lived the lliric tribe named Autariata, and from that period of time till noways are known the names of mountain and the river of Tara, the river of Drina, Cigota and others.During the period of Byzantine power upon the Balkan peninsula, the territories of the mountain of Tara, the canyons of the rivers of Drina and Raca, represented the northeast defensive border, inaccessible and natural.The Slavic tribes had come to that territory and had brought new customs as well as new way of living, organization of life, and, by founding of the first Serbian state in Raska, at the beginning of the 13 century, had become the brave defenders of the north frontiers.In the second half of the 13 century, the king Dragutin has built in that territory, precisely said at the coast of the river of Raca, before entering in the canyon, the Monastery of Raca, for reasons of safety, but in the following centuries that had become the source of literacy for that territory. The importance of the Monastery of Raca had grown by the conquering of Serbia by Turks because the people from monastery had continued their work on the literacy with their activity of copying and by their working in the branch of culture, forming the 'School of Raca'.For reasons of wars, of course - defensive wars (Austro-Hungarian) later on, it was the rebellion against the Turks, the Monastery had been destroyed and burned twice, so the cultural property had been moved to the Monasteries of Fruska Gora, in that period of time (Hungary, and in noways so called Vojvodina).In 1835, when the State of Serbia was liberated, the Monastery of Raca had been renovated completely, in the style of tile school of Ragka, with the iconostasis of Djordje Bakalovic. In the churchyard of the Monastery had been built the threes- toried tower with the turret, palaces (they usually are built as twostoried buildings with all following rooms), there is also the commemorative plaque on the grave of Hadzi Milentije, the Archimandrite of the Monastery. His flag is conserved in the property of the Monastery, as one of rare remnant flags of Serbian, rebellions from that time.In the contemporary time,,ten years ago, on the place so called Kaludjerske Bare, was built a new magnificent Monastery Stanovi, with all fallowing rooms and details needed. It is situated not so far away from the Mountaineer's Hostel, just one hour of walking. This hilly and mountainous region of Tara is populated by Serbs population from Hercegovina, Crna Gora and from the cast parts of Bosnia and after the liberation of Serbia from the Turks,, to these parts of Tara had been migrated the population from the'Old Vilah, along the Serbian-Turkish frontier on the mountain of Tara, where they had built watchtowers in Jagostica. Mokra Gora and Sargan.The natural frontier toward Bosnia is, the river of Drina with their canyons and cliffs is famous in the world history. by victims of many of Serbs warriors during'the I World War, but also is fimous by the winning battles for freedom against the formers conquerors from Austro-Hungary and German Monarchy, as well as in the II World War against the conquerors of that time.
The river of Drina is very rich with rapid water and waterfalls that are very convenient for faster development of witer sports (kayak driving, lowing by rafts that lasts 4 or 5 days with spending the niglits in tents), refining the lumber in the limber industry, developing of the sawmills, transporting of the oval building material. these branches of industry have been developing since 1856, when the Duke Milog Obrenovi6 had formed by the law the first foresters (1820) and sawmills, but with the same law had protected the forests and other natural treasures from greater felling of trees.The massif of the mountain of Tara is situated in the west part of the Serbia, bordered on river and canyon of Drina'on northwest side and by its southeast side, its branches are coming down towards the mountain of Ziatibor.The mountain of Tara consists on the whole of 3 regions such as: Tara in the narrower sense - Kaludjerske Bare ( the plateau rich in limestone: the rivers of Drina, Raca, Beli Rzav and Derventa, and the highest peak is Zboriste - 1.544m.Crni Vrh between the village of Zaiovina (upon which is a big reversible lake very rich with the Californian trout) and Riististe and the highest peak is Kozji Vrh of 1.591 m. Zvezda is situated in the triaingle of the villages Rastiste and Jagostice, canyon of the river of Drina, with the highest peak Veliki Kraj of 1.444 m.The mountaineer(s terriins are wavy (Kiludjerske Bare and SIjivovica) steep and rugged (the Canyon of Raca, Zvezdia, Cmi Vrh) with the most wonderful valleys of the rivers of Drina, Raca, Derventa, Beli Rzav, that makes in their courses nice canyons, crigs, witerwlicels, caves and hallows, ideal regions for the life of animal, especially bears and clianiois.
The Mountain of Tara - the most beautifull mountain of Serbia IICLIMATE CONDITIONS - According to the favorable climate conditions, Tara is during the year, in summer and in winter months, very suitable for develop- ing of tourism on various levels. In the summer
period of the year there is a lot of sunny days, and in the winter period of the year there is a lot of snowy days, so, according to the constructed hotels (capacity of for about 2.500 beds) there is a possibility, with good humored population for the very pleasant sojourn. Talking about the climate conditions it should be mentioned that here is present moderate continental climate with moderite wirm summers ind winters, and the transitional periods of the year meek and gridual, and the autumn is warmer than the spring. Up to the mountain of Tara is the border between warrn airily circulation from the south and cold from the north, that influents the continental climate. Meas- urements that are taken during the year from the meteorological station on Mitrovae (1082 m height above the sea level) are the average temperature during the years is 5 degree C and average rainfill 977,3 mm.
FAUNA - During many years the special attention was turned to the protection, nursing and developing of the fauna by the lumber camp. That way of working is consisted of making of the oasis for food, control cheque for hunters, prohibition of hunting in some months and hunting exclusively with the hunting guides. ne mountain of Tara is very rich with animals. There are 53 sorts of mammals and 153 sorts of birds. Tara could praises, which is a rare example that in her hunting grounds there is a lot of bears, chamois and other sorts. According to so expert and rich care, the bears and chamois are growing up in their reservations (canyons, caves and hollows), human care which they have enables them to surpass all the results in the Europe and in the world.The bear, who is the same time, the trademark of the mountain of Tara, could reach 2,40 in and 1,30 in of height and 250-300 kg of weight.The chamois is often living on sides of tile canyons of Drina, where he could find a lot of food and unreaciiible roads for any pedestrian, with lot of drinking and clean water, according to the fact the chamois is a fearful animal. This sort of chamois from Tara is different from the chamois from Alps according to the shape of the skull, and the male goat horns are very valuable.
THE FLORA - Considering the flora, the mountain of Tara has a very important advantage because of the reservations in its region. Protected by the present law, Pancic's spruces are the representatives of the endemic relicts which have existed since tercier to nowadiys ind still are in their full development. The spruces had been discovered by the natturalist of the world's fame, dr losif Pancic, by whose name they has been called. The Pancic's Spruce became the center of the world's attention and Serbian pride and pride of the mountain of Tara and by that fact the world's attention is directed to this part of the country.Every existing reservation of the Pincic's Spruce is marked on the mountaineer's tourist folder enclosed, such as: Zvezda, Brusnica, Karaula, Ljuti Breg, Bilo, Crvene Stene, Racanska SIjivovica and the others.Considering the rest parts of the forest and their sorts, there are firs, juniper bush and beech with some particular sorts of conifers such as pine tree and also of the evergreen such as: maple, aspen and birch. In these forests under the regular distribution and protection of expert supervision of high quality the industry of refining the lumber in the sawmills is supplied by the lumber of high quality. The space that doesn't belong to the forest are numerous meadows, floral and aromatic, decorated by natural meidow's flowers, suitable for raising of bees (the high quality production of honey - forester black and meadows') that is in the aim of guarding the health.'These meadows replace the forests in which the conifers are of 25-30 m of height. These regions so as the mountain of Tara, are very rarely populated, except of the part called Y-iluderske Bare, the center of it, where the block of hotels is situated.
TOURISM - On the mountain of Tara are constructed many roads, asphalt roads and the others with Unfinished macadam road. This road network besides the take of Peru6ac, than from the Mitrovac to the Kadinjaca and Kremna, enables a pleasant sojourn, visiting all the beauties, aswell as practising
hunting and fishing. We have to mention here the takes an(] the dams: the dam ,Kruscica" on the river Beli Rzav, where is built a modern water supply that waters the whole mountain of Tara. Going on by the left side of the river we are arriving to the Zaovina, in the closeness to tile take. Enclosed the folder the hotels are described clearly, for the summer using, and in the winter also, with the ski lift, near the Beli Bor. ne ideal condition in the winter is runnin- on skis, a long promenades, with pleasant picnics with trumpet music, with local cooked brandy, local cheese and diary cream, corn bread , baked lamb roast and young goat roast, local roast - tenderloin and loin of pork.Besides the hotel accommodation there is also the possibility for accommodation in the houses of the domestic population, of course of the high quality.Although the man has been present on the mountain of Tara for centuries, the nature is conserved here on the whole. One couldn't only builds here, but has to leave to the nature that what belong to her. ne forest is restored, their qualities are conserved and in nowadays ilif-,y are giving us after all good condition for healthy life, healthy water, the air that is clear, although it is only for the summer holidays.After spending a few weekends on the mountain of Tara, on his way back to home, a man could feel a strange gap, because he was accustomed very quick to the evenings walks, evenings parties with a lot of folk music, guitar in the Hostel, and the orchestra in the hotels, making a long, long friendship with local population.

Trough kanyon of river Racha

The area that should be taken under protection because of its special beauties
and excellences of the nature. As many of canyons in Serbia it has also his Monastery, built in the XIII century, once upon a time when, as people say, it had been much closer to the canyon, that enabled faster and bigger protection for the inhabitants, books and other worths of the Monastery. Today the Monastery is in front of the Canyon, the picturesque place, in the crag part of the same called river, surrounded with a few villages. Building a Monastery and Church in the vicinity. of the Canyon is not unintentional phenomenon, it is in fact in a very close connection with the pleasant climate, very rich flora and vegetation, and healthy water rich with the various kinds of fish and possibility of biding, that the whole surroundings gives a bigger importance, as the other canyons in Serbia have, such as - Gornjak, Vitovnica, Vratna, Zamna, Suvodol, Resava with the Monastery of Manasija, Sicevicka, Jerma, Pcinja, Ovcar-Kablar etc. The Monastery in the Canyon is pointing to the very rich flora world and vegetation that had existed in that area during the past ages.
Very near by to the Monastery of Raca starts a relic wood of the beech and the walnut (fagetum submontanurn jugladentosum) with a numerous very big walnut trees especially near the coast of the river, and also on the hillside in the same forest. There are a lot of hornbeam trees near the riverside, height of about 20 m and more, and the diameter more than half of the metre.
At the other side of the river there is a wood of alder (alnetum glutinosae) with very nice and high trees. On the left side of the river, in the very narrow part of the shore we are aware of the very reliet forest of the beech, walnut, cerris, black hornbeam, white linden, elm, wild pear trees, ash forest and many other sorts. The similar mosaic of community we could also see near the source of the river Raca, on the 520 m height above the sea level. On the right side of the canyon there is a jungle of wood of hill beech that none could use, nor any man nor a company because of the unapproachable sides of the canyon, very sheer drops, without any path. The beeches are 35 m of height with diameters from 50 to 200 cm, and there are a lot of them in the jungle forest on the area of 4 h of surface.
Very near by to the Monastery of Raca starts a relic wood of the beech and the walnut (fagetum submontanurn jugladentosum) with a numerous very big walnut trees especially near the coast of the river, and also on the hillside in the same forest. There are a lot of hornbeam trees near the riverside, height of about 20 m and more, and the diameter more than half of the metre. At the other side of the river there is a wood of alder (alnetum glutinosae) with very nice and high trees. On the left side of the river, in the very narrow part of the shore we are aware of the very reliet forest of the beech, walnut, cerris, black hornbeam, white linden, elm, wild pear trees, ash forest and many other sorts.
The whole landscape of crag and canyon of Raca from the Monastery to the source of the river should have been declared for the landscape of the special beauties and forms with two very severe protected reservations. The law should forbid as soon as possible the consumption of the source of the water and river.

Drina River


Drina River - green beauty

Drina River, river in the central Balkans, originating with the confluence of the Tara and Piva rivers and following a 215-mi (346-km) course, mainly northward, to enter the Sava. Its upper course is through canyons and gorges, while its lower course is wider. The river Drina, green and fast, like the time that marches by, a witness to human goodnes and human evil, for sure is the best described in novels of Ivo Andric, winner of the 1961 Nobel Prize in Literature. Here we try to represent to you some facts about this great river.
Drina River - Drinos
Drina is one of the most beautiful rivers in Serbia. In ancient times it was called Drinos and people named it Zelenika or Zelenka (Green in Serbian) after colour of its water. It meanders through picturesque mountainous and plain regions of Bosnia and Serbia. On its banks are settled broad ravines with cultivable and inhabited fields as well as steep banks of rugged and canyon type overgrown with willows, poplars and short bushes. The most beautiful and the biggest canyon in its course Drina engraved from Zepa to Klotijevac, 24km long. Length of its course from Scepan pole, where it originates from Piva and Tara to its mouth in Sava is 340 km. The difference in height above sea level between its spring and mouth is 358 km. Width of its course varies from 100-200m in Perucac and Zvornik to 15m in place called Tijesno (Narrow). At Bajina Basta, 54,4 to698 m3/s of water flows and water level is 34-356 cm. Water temperature is from 8,7-16,3 C. Colour of water is mostly green and it is second class of quality.
The main tributaries into Drina in Bajina Basta area are Pilica, Rogacica, Raca and number of springs and fountainheads, which arise in limestone and shale area on Tara edges, empty into Drina. The biggest is fountainhead of Perucac. It is almost river situated on 265 m above sea level and average water capacity is 300 l/s. From the fountainhead water flows few hundred meters over the lowest Drina terrase and then falls down into Drina. At present, unsurpassable wild- natural harmony of Drina is tamed by dams and lakes (Visegrad, Perucac, Zvornik) and the beauty of Drina canyons is disturbed but not destroyed. The river lost its seasonal (autmn and spring) temper when many arable fields and settlements down the course suffered and it gained navigability, possibilities for tourism and economic importance (production of electricity).
The most important hidrographic facilities in Bajina Basta area are connected with Drina and besides its course to which Bajina Basta gravitates 92% tributaries, fountainheads and springs , there are 2 cumulative reservoirs, of which one originated by damming Drina course (at Perucac, 134 km from Bajina Basta), by dam 93 m high. Reservoir area is 28 km2 , debth is 88 m and length 50 km. The second reservoir was built up on the west side of Tara-mountain on river Beli Rzav in which, by the system of pumps, water from Drina is transfered when there is high water level. By returning water from Tara reservoir into Perucac, technological process of producton of electricity in system of HE "Bajina Basta" is completed. Interesting items related to Drina:
Drina was natural border between Western and Eastern Roman Empire and through history it was dividing catholic from orthodox area
alongside Drina- border between Austro-Hungarian and Serbia- big war operations were waged during 1914/15
In present time Drina is famous for its attractive canyon landscapes, reservoirs, fish resources (trout, huchen, carp, chub..). There is say in peoples' memory for its curved course "who can straighten curved Drina". It is say for useless job similar to Greek-antique mythological story on Sisyphus. That is why Drina is mythological, historical and real picture of men's living in these places.

Tourism

Bajina Basta - the story about the wonder mountain, the beautifull river and the jewel town
The region in western Serbia, just along the river Drina and dominated by mountain Tara, has also been known as th region of Raca (pronounced as "racha"). It consists of 37 settlements and 29 local communities within the administrative borders of Bajina Basta municipality. Covering the surface of 670 square kilometers and with population of 30.0001 inhabitants, it used to be a peripheral, undeveloped area, but over the course of years it became an outstanding Serbian center of forestry, electrical industry and tourism.
The name Raca region originally came from the time of liberation uprisings against the Turkish rule and later, wheri administrative division into districts was done, the District of Raca got its name after the Raca Monastery situated close to the river Drina. Its first headquarters were in Rogacica and Uzice and then in 1858 they were moved to Bajina Basta.
For a long time symbols of Bajina Basta and the Raca region had been their fir lumber from Tara, the rafters on the river Drina, as well as the well-known tobacco brand called "Bajinovac". One of the most beautiful and preserved areas of th country had been out of public sight until the botanist Pancic discovered the Serbian spruce on Tara in 1875. Half a century later, the first tourists and the true nature lovers became its regular visitors.
Between the two World Wars it was possible to stay in two small but comfortable hotels "Bosna" and "Evropa". At the same time there were two rest homes on Tara at Kaludjerske bare and Sljivovica which could be reached from Kremna railway station. "The management of the Raca Monastery resort", placed in Bajina Basta, would send a horse-driven carriage to fetch the guests who had already sent a word of their arrival, so that they could get to their destination in two hours. However, since the river Drina's powerful potential has become the center of attention, visitors and tourists choose to come to Bajina Basta via Valjevo and Uzice.
Time didn't make any damage to the ancient gifts of nature. The dams of hydroelectric power plants in Perucac, with their artificial lakes on the river Drina and on Tara mountain, have just completed the postcard of the Raca region. Eventually, Tara was officially proclaimed a national park. With its surface area of 19.200 ha, the National Park Tara covers of the largest part of this beautiful and powerfull mountain.
In Serbia which doesn't have enough coniferous forests, this area is one of the last f oases of almost all autonomic coniferous trees. The symbol of more than a thousand plant species is certainly the Serbian spruce (Picea omorika). Within the rich, best-preserved hunting grounds, the excepional attention is given to protection of the bear, roe-deer and chamois, as well as it is to the huchen in the Drina. The water currents of the National Park Tara are enriched by more than ten fish species, while a number of fine views from the cliffs of the Drina canyon and the gorges of the Raca and Derventa rivers leave a special impression. The famous juniper brandy, popular called "BB kleka", then mushrooms, the trout and game are the privilege of the caterers of this area. Biodiversity, cultural and historical monuments« and several tourist centers within the National Park Tara are the basis of the tourist offer of the Raca region.
There are some traces of the Neolitic Age, the Roman sacrificial altars and necropolis, which were left here by other cultures. The ruins of the ancient town Solotnik, the log cabin Church in the village Dub and Raca Monastery are the important part of the Serbian cultural legacy. Kaludjerske bare and the hotels "Omorika" (spruce), "Javor" (maple) and "Beli bor" (white pine), as well as Mitrovac with its children rest-home, are the representative tourist destination wich offer swimming pools, skii-lifts and sport facilities.
In the near vicinity of the river Drina, Bajina Basta(prounce as Bayina Bashta) with its population of 12.000 inhabitants, has its own place in tourism of our community. The "Drina" hotel and the Sports-Tourist Center "Bajina Basta" are expecting the most from the recreation and fishing tourism. Sporting, tourist, recreation and cultural events are just one segment of the local tradition. The "Drina" hotel is the traditional host to the Athletic camp of the forthcoming Olympic hopes in athletics called "Olimpijske node", as well as to the well known motor car rally-races and also to the events such as the Days of huchen fishing, The Drina Regata, the Days of Raca by the Drina and the Art colony. Moreover, it is the triple, absolute "Champion of quality" at The Hunting, Fishing, Sport and Tourism Fair (oka "LORIST") which is annually held in Novi Sad.
Variety is the essential feature of our local tourist offer. For decades, the region of Raca has had its outstanding place on the tourist maps of the District of Zlatibor and Serbia.

Town


About Bajina Basta and surrondings

Bajina Basta (pronounced as Bayina Bashta) , town in the Western Serbia on the right bank of the river Drina. It is placed on the 43.57' of the north geographical latitude and 19.33' of the east geographical longitude. Area of the commune is 673 km2.

According to the 1991's Census, 29,747 people lived in the area of the municipality; 8,555 people live in the town. Settlement grew up in the broad alluvium of the river Drina in the foot of the sides of Tara-mountain 257 m above the sea level. Climate is moderate continental with increased humidity after reservoirs in Perucac and Zaovine were built. Average annual quantity of the falls is 700-800 mm. Hydrographic picture of the area comprise course of the river Drina with its tributaries, small rivers: Pilica, Raca and Rogacica river. Reservoir was built on the river Drina, the biggest one in the whole course, reservoir Perucac, which covers 12 squre km of area, 50 km in length, 70 m deep, 290 m above the sea level.
Flora and fauna are characteristic of temperate continental zone. In Tara national park in the area of 19 000 ha different kinds of deciduous forests are present ( beech, oak, black locust, hornbeam), and higher in the hills evergreen forests (fir, pine, spruce). In the area of national park there is Panciceva spruce (discovered and explored by famous serbian geographist Josif Pancic) as well as numerous medow communities (jeremicak).Fauna is represented as small and large game (rabbit, fox,bear, chamois, wild boar) as well as feathery game (hawk, eagle, sparrow hawk). In the water of river Drina and reservoir Perucac there is plenty of different fish, among which the most famous are huchen, carp, trout,sheatfish.
Commune and town are connected with asphalt roads of regional significance over the saddle Debelo brdo (1090 m) with Valjevo and further with Belgrade, alongside Drina with Ljubovija, Sabac, and over the saddle Kadinjaca (880 m) towards Uzice. The network of local village roads, mostly asphalt, is well developed . Economy of Bajina Basta is represented by "Hydroplant" Bajina Basta, metal industry IKL, electric industry "Sloboda", "Electroizgradnja", factory of knitted fabrics and ready-made clothing, cardboard factory "Laminat", "Crni Vrh" as wll as around ten mini sections of wood manufacturing. Bajina Basta surrounding is focused on tobacco production ( berlej, type virginia, for purchase of which company "Bajinovac" is in charge), raspberry production ( cooperative farms) as well as production of different kinds of fruits (plums, peras, apples), vegetables (potatoes, beans, cabbage, maize).
Extraordinary beaty of Tara-mountain, reservoir Perucac, course of river Drina, cultural and hystorical monuments (Raca monastery, medieval ruins of Solotnik town, church-shack in Dub, neolithic tracis of a menkind) make town Bajina Basta with its surrounding a tourist attractive area. Besides hotel of high category "Inex-Drina" in town, tourist offer is complemented with hotel "Jezero"- Perucac, "Omorica", "Beli bor" and "Javor" in Tara-mountain as well as children's rest home in Mitrovac.

Most of the population are immigrants, after liberation of the area from Turks in 30-ies of the 19 century and they originate from Herzegovina, northwestern regions of Montenegro, Sandzak, Osat(Bosnia) and Dalmatia (Pepelj) and Kremna. At present, significant depopulation is present- decrease of number of population due to economic migrations towards regional Serbian centers (Uzice, Valjevo, Beograd, Cacak). Town saved architecture of the end of 19 century and the first half of 20 century which is well harmonized with modern urban structure. Rural settlements are mostly of close type. Among rural localities former center of Raca district Rogacica, Kostojevici, Pilica arespecially significant.